Business Analysis Artifacts are documents or deliverables developed throughout the business analysis process to collect and disseminate information, requirements, and insights regarding a project or initiative are referred to as business analysis artifacts .
Examples of frequent business analysis artefacts include:
1. Business Requirements Document (BRD): A thorough document outlining a project’s high-level business objectives, functional requirements, and restrictions.
2. Use Case Diagrams: Visual representations of user interactions with a system that aid in understanding how the system will be utilized.
3. User Stories: Brief explanations of a user’s needs or requirements, typically expressed in a certain format: “As a [user], I want [action] so that [benefit].”
4. Process Flow Diagrams: Visual representations of a process’s sequence of activities or processes that aid in identifying opportunities for improvement.
5. Data movement Diagrams: Diagrams that depict the movement of data through a system or process, emphasizing inputs, outputs, and transformations.
6. Entity Relationship Diagrams (ERD): Diagrams that show the relationships between various data entities in a system.
7. Stakeholder Analysis: Documentation that identifies and analyzes the various project stakeholders, including their interests, impact, and concerns.
8. SWOT Analysis: A strategic decision-making tool that assesses an organization’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
9. Gap Analysis: A comparison of a business process or system’s current state and desired future state, indicating gaps that must be remedied.
10. Risk Assessment: Identification and evaluation of potential project risks and uncertainties, as well as mitigation methods.
11. Decision Matrix: A tool for evaluating and comparing various possibilities based on a variety of criteria.
12. Mockups/Wire frames: Visual representations of user interfaces that assist stakeholders in visualizing the design and layout of a system or application.
Remember that the selection of artifacts is determined by the scope, complexity, and special needs of stakeholders.
These artifacts work together to provide an organized approach to information gathering, documentation, and communication throughout the business analysis lifecycle.